New Zealand is an island country which is located in the
southwestern Pacific Ocean, consisting of two main landmasses i.e. the North
Island and the South Island and 700 small islands.
Abel Tasman - a Dutchman, was the first European to
discover New Zealand. However, then it was colonized by the British and
dominated it throughout the 19th and first half of the 20th century.
The currency of New Zealand is the New Zealand Dollar,
Capital city is Wellington and the largest city is Auckland having 1/3rd of
the population of New Zealand.
New Zealand people are referred to as Kiwi
internationally, which is derived from the flightless bird “Kiwi”, also the
national symbol of New Zealand.
New Zealand is an island country, comprising about 700
islands. The two main islands (North Island and South Island) are divided by
a 22 km stretch of water called the Cook Strait.
The country is located 2,500 km southeast of Australia
and about 1,000 km from the Pacific Islands. New Zealand's closest neighbors
are Fiji and Tonga.
New Zealand is a diverse and beautiful landscape,
comprising active volcanoes, remarkable caves, deep glacier lakes, fertile
valleys, astounding Fjords, sandy beaches and snow-capped mountains in the
South Alps of the South Island, and an abundance of vegetation and animal
New Zealand has a temperate climate - winters are fairly
cold in the south but mild and temperate in the north.
The warmest months are December, January and February.
The average maximum temperature ranges between 20 - 30ºC.
The coldest months are June, July and August and the
average minimum temperature ranges between 10 - 15ºC
New Zealand has coal reserves.
New Zealand is the 22nd
largest producer of Iren and ore
It is 29th largest producer of
New Zealand's advanced market economy is ranked 14th in the 2019 Human Development Index and
ranks 3rd in the 2020 Index of Economy Freedom.
New Zealand has a high-income economy with a nominal
gross domestic product (GDP) per capita of US$36,254
New Zealand is almost dependent on International trade,
especially in agricultural products. The exports reported 24% of its output
making New Zealand at risk of international commodity price and global
Recently, tourism has made a huge impact on New Zealand's
economy, although this sector has been at risk due to global financial
According to February 2021, New Zealand Census, the
resident population is 5,112,300.
The North Island and South Island land masses are
similar, approximately two-thirds of the population live in the North