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  • Nunavut- largest and the newest and the northernmost province of Canada. In April 1999 under the Nunavut Act, It split from the Northern Territory to form a separate province.
  • The Capital of Nunavut - Iqaluit, earlier known as Frobisher Bay is located to the east of the province on Baffin Island.
  • Nunavut is also one of the most remote regions of the world, with a sparse population, made up of mostly Inuit people. It is also home to the northernmost inhabited place.
  • Commonly spoken languages in the province is-
    • English
    • French
    • Inuinnaqtun
    • Inuktitut


  • Surprisingly, despite being the largest territory, Nunavut is the 2nd least populated Canadian province after Yukon.
  • It has a total population of 35,944 with 83% Inuit, 15% non-aboriginal, 0.4% Metis, and 0,3% First Nations.


  • Nunavut covers the vast portion of the Canadian Arctic Archaeology, the territory is the 5th largest country subdivision in the world and the 2nd largest in North America after Greenland.
  • Nunavut covers a total area of 1.8 square kilometers, and includes mainland Nunavut, a majority of the Arctic Archipelago, all the Hudson Bay Islands, James Bay, Ungava Bay, Belcher Islands, and is roughly about 1/5th of the total land area of Canada.
  • The Highest point of the territory is Barbeau Peak, located on Ellesmere Island, at a peak of 2,616 metres (8,583 ft) above sea level.
  • The entire Nunavut territory has only 32 kms of paved road. The most common mode of transport in Nunavut is planes, boats, and snowmobiles.
  • Nunavut shares land borders with the Northwest Territories, a few Arctic islands, Manitoba to the south, and Saskatchewan to the Southwest.


  • Nunavut is located entirely in the Arctic Climatic zone, therefore, it experiences polar climates and most of its regions along with the subarctic in the south, due to its location within the Arctic Climate Zone.
  • Summers have average temperatures between 4-12 degrees Celsius.
  • Winters are harsh, having average temperatures of around -23 to -31 degree Celsius.
  • Annual precipitation in the territory is less than 8 inches (200 mm), and mostly falls as snow. Most of the territory is covered by continuous permafrost.


  • Nunavut's economy mostly relies on mining, arts, hunting, fishing, turism, transportation, housing development, research, education and oil & gas mineral exploration.
  • The territories greatest economy asset are its mineral resources, such as iron and non ferrous reserves, metals and diamonds and petroleum and natural resources.
  • The Government of Nunavut produces and distributes electricity throughout the territory and it plays an important role in the economy of the province.
  • Currently, three primary mines operate within the territory, MeadowBank gold mine, Mary River Iron ore mine, and the Agnico-Eagle Mines Ltd, as well as the Hope Bay Gold mine, a high grade gold mine.


In Nunavut, residents are covered by the Nunavut Healthcare Plan, which provides access to free healthcare services. International students enrolled full-time, at a post-secondary institution in Nunavut for a period of at least one year, are eligible to receive healthcare.

Nunavut University Education

  • Nunavut does not have any universities but has only one post-secondary institution which is Nunavut Arctic College
  • Nunavut Arctic College offers a few degree programs in Nursing, Teacher Education, Leadership and Learning, Law, and more.
  • The territory also has several Arctic research stations throughout the territory.

Courses offered in Nunavut

  • Career and Technology Studies (CTS)
  • English Language Arts
  • Fine Arts
  • French
  • French Language Arts
  • Health
  • Information and Communication Technology
  • Inuktitut Language Arts
  • Knowledge and Employments Courses
  • Mathematics
  • Physical Education
  • Science
  • Social Science
  • Locally Developed Courses
  • Special Programs